Dietrich Bonhoeffer wrote this:
Cheap grace is the mortal enemy of our church. Our struggle today is for costly grace.
Cheap grace means grace as bargain-basement goods, cut-rate forgiveness, cut-rate comfort, cut-rate sacraments; grace as the church’s inexhaustible pantry, from which it is doled out by careless hands without hesitation or limit. It is grace without a price, without cost…
Cheap grace means grace as a doctrine, as principle, as system. It means forgiveness of sins as a general truth; it means God’s love as merely a Christian idea of God. Those who affirm it have already had their sins forgiven. The church that teaches this doctrine of grace thereby conveys such grace upon itself. The world finds in this church a cheap cover-up for its sins, for which it shows no remorse and from which it has even less desire to be free. Cheap grace is, thus, denial of God’s living Word, denial of the incarnation of the word of God.
Cheap grace means justification of sin but not of the sinner. Because grace alone does everything, everything can stay in its old ways. “Our action is in vain.” The world remains world and we remain sinners “even in the best of lives.” Thus, the Christian should live the same way the world does. In all things the Christian should go along with the world and not venture…to live a different life under grace from that under sin…
Cheap grace is that which we bestow on ourselves.
Cheap grace is preaching forgiveness without repentance; it is baptism without the discipline of community; it is the Lord’s Supper without confession of sin; it is absolution without personal confession. Cheap grace is grace without discipleship, grace without the cross, grace without the living, incarnate Jesus Christ
Bonhoeffer is so amazingly wrong about most of this! I would go so far as to say that even though he is to be revered for his imprisonment and martyrdom in Nazi Germany, this bit of writing is satanic clap-trap. Yes, satanic; don’t ask me to try to soften this because I won’t do it. Down below I’m going to spend some time supporting this statement, but first we’ll walk through this quote piece by piece. As a whole, it seeks to kill the actual gospel and goes against huge swaths of critical sections of scripture. Easy-Believey Sloppy-Agape Fire-Insurance Get-out-of-jail-free-card grace is the only grace which is real grace. The idea of free grace may offend the flesh, but we’re not trying to walk by the flesh here!
He says, cheap grace is false grace. He says, true grace puts some large price on grace. Cheap grace means grace as bargain-basement goods, cut-rate forgiveness, cut-rate comfort. He implies that real grace charges a great deal more. In fact, according to the Bible, grace isn’t even cheap, it’s a gift, absolutely free:
being justified as a gift by His grace through the redemption which is in Christ Jesus; (Romans 3:24, NASB).
6 For while we were still helpless, at the right time Christ died for the ungodly.
7 For one will hardly die for a righteous man; though perhaps for the good man someone would dare even to die.
8 But God demonstrates His own love toward us, in that while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.
9 Much more then, having now been justified by His blood, we shall be saved from the wrath of God through Him.
(Romans 5:6-9, NASB).
15 But the free gift is not like the transgression. For if by the transgression of the one the many died, much more did the grace of God and the gift by the grace of the one Man, Jesus Christ, abound to the many.
16 And the gift is not like that which came through the one who sinned; for on the one hand the judgment arose from one transgression resulting in condemnation, but on the other hand the free gift arose from many transgressions resulting in justification.
17 For if by the transgression of the one, death reigned through the one, much more those who receive the abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness will reign in life through the One, Jesus Christ.
18 So then as through one transgression there resulted condemnation to all men, even so through one act of righteousness there resulted justification of life to all men.
19 For as through the one man’s disobedience the many were made sinners, even so through the obedience of the One the many will be made righteous.
(Romans 5:15-19, NASB).
23 For the wages of sin is death, but the free gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.
(Romans 6:23, NASB).
Paul could not be more clear that grace is not just cheap – it is FREE. It is a free gift. In fact, it is given while we were still helpless. That means if it wasn’t free we couldn’t afford it.
Dietrich says cheap grace is “grace as the church’s inexhaustible pantry, from which it is doled out by careless hands without hesitation or limit. It is grace without a price, without cost…” Well, that sounds fantastic! I think grace is the church’s inexhaustible pantry! Besides, what could be careless about giving out the one thing people need without hesitation? I think it should be doled out without hesitation or limit. He would sound like he was preaching the merits of free grace if he wasn’t mocking it! It is supposed to be grace without price and without cost, because as we’ve seen, IT IS FREE! Are we going to hold it out like a carrot on a stick until some mysterious milestone of obedience has been met?
Big D says that cheap grace is grace that is a doctrine or an idea. First, Jesus is characterized in John 1 as being the Word incarnate (John 1:1,14). Words and ideas have great substance and power. You may say that something is “mere words”, but adding the word “mere” on the front doesn’t reduce the power of the message of salvation through the free gift of Christ. A point cannot been proven merely by declaring an opposite point with mockery or disdain. Ironically, his idea about cheap grace is only an idea, and his idea that free grace is ineffectual and fake is a wrong idea. It does actually mean forgiveness of sins as a general truth, I trumpet that “idea” with the hugest fanfare!
Big D says that those who affirm cheap grace have already had their sins forgiven. Well, count me in! Hallelujah! I love starting from the basis that my sins are already forgiven! What hell does he want us to drag through before we are allowed to think about having our sins forgiven? We need to prove we are worthy first? That isn’t going to happen. He misunderstands the idea of forgiveness.
If I am to be forgiven, I have already committed the sin. No “cost” I could pay could undo it. If a guy has raped and murdered a young woman, at the trial, what can he do to appease the bereaved family? Nothing! The damage has been done. It is in their hands to forgive, not his. He can do absolutely nothing because he has already transgressed. All of our sin is like this; it is a completely false idea that we can do something to atone for ourselves, to make up for our wrongs. The best thing we can do is confess and throw ourselves on the mercy of those we have harmed. We want to downplay this because we want to think there is something we can do to change our guilt, to appease the vengeance we have incurred against our conscience. Our efforts aren’t just useless, they are an insult, because they seek to steal the power to forgive from the one harmed to continue to manipulate their lives. It is an additional harm, not a help. Well, if we are going that way, the price is too high — it is too late, there is nothing we can do. If grace isn’t free, we are lost. We remain in our sins until we give up all hope of making up for them by our own efforts.
Big D, the sacred martyr, whose word is thus apparently unquestionable, says that the church that thus teaches this doctrine of cheap grace confers such grace upon itself. Well count me in, that is kind of church is the church I want to go to! What in the world is wrong with that? I am swimming in an ocean of offensively abundant free grace, just LOOK at me! Look at me luxuriating in all of this free grace! I’m swimming around and splashing and smiling and having the greatest time in this warm ocean of free grace. You should all jump in, the water feels GREAT!
I think in one way he is correct: churches do preach cheap grace, and since the cheap price is too high, they lose the power of it. It isn’t cheap, it is free. If you are going to go with cheap, meaning there is some cost, you soften the impact of the law. You say, perhaps, not to commit adultery, but you neglect to say that if you even want to commit adultery, your covetousness is still a heinous transgression of the big 10. So, if you are going to make “grace” cost something, you have to go all the way and make it a steep cost. The problem is, the cost is too high; we don’t have it to give. The church that preaches cheap grace and the church that preaches costly grace make the same error: they don’t even preach grace at all. They have redefined it. If grace costs anything, it is no longer grace. Grace is a free gift.
Big D says “The world finds in this church a cheap cover-up for its sins, for which it shows no remorse and from which it has even less desire to be free.” Of course it does. There is no church whether it preaches costly grace or cheap grace or free grace, that isn’t full of sinners and hypocrites and ragamuffins from the senior pastor on down. At least the free grace pastor can walk in the light and admit it. At least the free grace pastor can stop the ridiculous charade of declaring watered-down “doable” legalism while stripping the law of its grandeur and power and incisiveness. At least the free grace pastor doesn’t have to cast the cost of grace as something which we might be able to pay. There is only One who has the kind of resources to redeem our souls – His name is Jesus. Eventually, all the world’s sinning hypocrites are going to want to find a refuge from their conscience’s condemnation, and if there is no church full of hypocrites who walk in the light and hand out free grace from their inexhaustible pantry, then they will have absolutely nowhere to go. Oh the incredible catastrophic disaster that we preach a false grace that costs something! Sinners need free grace and this is what Jesus came for!
14 “And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of Man be lifted up;
15 that whoever believes may in Him have eternal life.
16 “For God so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish, but have eternal life.
17 “For God did not send the Son into the world to judge the world, but that the world should be saved through Him.
18 “He who believes in Him is not judged; he who does not believe has been judged already, because he has not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God.
(John 3:14-18, NASB).
Where does it say, “that whoever shows enough remorse” may in Him have eternal life? Remorse is cheap and easy. I can go on sinning for years and show lots of remorse, in fact, I have been down that road in great abundance. Where is the magical point that there is enough remorse, or that it is the right kind of remorse? Remorse isn’t the key, it is close to worthless in terms of being rid of carnal attractions! The key is belief in free grace! Furthermore, who is Big D to say that those who seek free grace have no remorse or desire to be free? Of course they have a desire to be free or they wouldn’t take the free gift! If it wasn’t free they would still be imprisoned in their sins. The people who really want to be free break through the false notion that they can free themselves and land at the foot of the throne of grace, where we receive mercy to help in our time of need (Hebrews 4:16). Holiness isn’t a requirement to receive grace! Holiness is a gift of free grace! Oh man this quote from Big D makes me steaming mad.
Big D says, cheap grace is a denial of God’s living word, a denial of the incarnation. What? Free grace embraces the incarnation. I don’t even know what to say to this statement. It is groundless and ridiculous. It is actually the other way around. Costly “grace” makes the source of “grace” ourselves, not the incarnate living Word. Enough said.
Next we have this cryptic statement: “Cheap grace means justification of sin but not of the sinner.” Free grace doesn’t mean this at all. In fact, I call “BS” again, this statement doesn’t even make sense. Maybe he is talking about the idea of hating the sin, but loving the sinner. Or that cheap grace offers forgiveness but not cleansing. Costly grace is actually the “grace” that makes this mistake. Free grace justifies the person all the way, right up front. It justifies the person forever and bestows eternal life. He says that cheap grace implies “Our action is in vain”. He makes the classic mistake of thinking that by winning the lottery, you stay in bed and sleep all day because you can. Actually, you take all kinds of new action because your wealth affords you the freedom to act. Free grace doesn’t preclude us from action, it greases the gears and empowers it with great joy.
He says “cheap grace is that which we bestow on ourselves”. That is nonsense; costly grace and cheap grace are the the kind we bestow on ourselves. Free grace is bestowed on us by God. Enough said.
He says that cheap grace is preaching forgiveness without repentance. What is repentance anyway? A promise to change? If it means actual change, how do we prove it? Grace depends on a proven promise to change? This isn’t how Jesus talks about repentance. His version of repentance attracts the ragamuffins. His version of repentance causes angels to rejoice. His version of repentance leads to talk about lost coins being found, lost sheep being rescued, lost sons being welcomed home. Behavioral change is a gift, and a lifelong process. It cannot possibly be the condition for receiving the FREE GIFT of grace!
This idea of costly grace is satanic, because it tantalizes us with the idea of grace, but redefines it so that it is unattainable. It changes the meaning from a gift, to a commodity which we do not have the resources to obtain. It makes us the agents of grace, not God, and causes God’s gift to be only for the righteous, and not to be given while we are “yet sinners”. You may protest that this is not what Big D means, but how does he feel about giving grace to one who does not pay the cost? He thinks it is no grace at all; he strongly says that grace must be earned. This is no grace at all, and by so doing, he has nullified the work of Christ. May it never be. There are far better answers to the idea of taking up our cross and dying to ourselves than to throw out the free gift of grace. If Big D is saved at all, it will be by real grace, grace which is not earned and is not broken by having terrible satanic hellish doctrines parading around as Christian holiness. Grace at any price, cheap or costly, is the mortal enemy of the church. We are constantly trying to put a price back on it, because grace which is free is simply too scandalous. If you are a sinner saved by grace through Christ and Him crucified, welcome to the scandal! Swim around in the warm ocean waters with me and shoot a little stream at all of the scandalized pharisees with me. They hate getting wet!